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About Cox’s Bazar: (PLZ VOTE FOR IT)

Nickname: Panowa, Plongkee

Coordinates: 21°35′0″N 92°01′0″E / 21.58333, 92.01667

Country Bangladesh

Administrative District : Cox’s Bazar DistrictArea

City 2,491.86 km² (962.1 sq mi)

Population (2007 est.) Total population represents population in city and metro represents entire district.

City 127,653

Density :100.64/km² (260.7/sq mi)

Metro :250,799

Time zone :BST (UTC+6)

Cox’s Bazar is a major city and district in Bangladesh. It is also one of the world’s longest natural sandy sea beaches (120 km) including mud flats. It is located 150 km south of Chittagong. Cox’s Bazar is also known by the name “Panowa”, the literal translation of which means “yellow flower”. Its other old name was “Palongkee”. The modern Cox’s Bazar derives its name from Captain Cox (died 1798), an army officer serving in British India. It is also one of the fishing ports of Bangladesh.

Often termed as “World’s longest sandy sea beach”, Cox’s Bazar is yet to become a major

tourist destination in Asia allegedly due to conservative attitude of local people.

History

The history of Cox’s Bazar begins in the Mughal period. On his way to Arakan, when the Mughal Prince Shah Shuja passed through the hilly terrain of the present day Cox’s Bazar, he was attracted to the scenic and captivating beauty of the place. He commanded his forces to camp there. His retinue of one thousand palanquins halted there for some time. A place named Dulahazara, meaning “one thousand palanquins”, still exists in the area. After the Mughals, the place came under the control of the Tipras and the Arakanese, followed by the Portuguese and then the British. The name Cox’s Bazar/Bazaar derived from the name of a British East India Company officer, Captain Hiram Cox after he opened a market considering facilities of local people. Captain Cox was appointed as the Superintendent of Palonki (today’s Cox’s Bazar) outpost after Warren Hastings came as the Governor of Bengal following the British East India Company Act in 1773. Captain Cox was specially mobilized to deal with a century long conflict between Arakan refugees & local Rakhains at Palonki.

After the Sepoy Mutiny (Indian Rebellion of 1857) in 1857, the British East India Company was highly criticized & questioned in humanitarian ground specially for its Opium Trade monopoly over the Indian Sub-Continent using its strong existence. However after getting dissolved on January 1, 1874,all of company’s assets including its Armed Forces were acquired by the British Crown. After this historic take over, Cox’s Bazar was declared as a district of the Bengal Province under the British Crown. After 1947’s Independence it remained as a part of East Pakistan. Captain Advocate Fazlul Karim, the first Chairman (after independence from the British) of Cox’s Bazar municipality established the Tamarisk Forest along on the beach to draw tourist attention in this town and also to protect the beach from tide. He also donated many of his father in law’s (Akbar Ahmed Chowdhury, son of Fazlul Karim Kwik of Manikpur) and his own lands for establishing a Public Library and Town Hall. In 1971, the wharf was used as a naval port by the Pakistan Navy’s gunboats. This and the nearby airstrip of the Pakistan Air Force were the scene of intense shelling by the Indian Navy during the Bangladesh Liberation War.

Geography and Climate

Cox’s Bazar district with an area of 2491.86 sq km, is located at 21°35′0″N, 92°01′0″E and bounded by Chittagong district on the north, Bay of Bengal in the South, Bandarban district on the east, and the Bay of Bengal on the west. Major rivers include matamuhuri, bakkhali, Reju Khal, Naf, Maheshkhali channel and Kutubdia channel. The official area of the city of Cox’s Bazar is 6.85 sq km.

The annual average temperature in Cox’s Bazar remains at about a maximum of 34.8 °C and a minimum of 16.1 °C. The climate remains hot and humid with some seasons of temperate weather. The average amount of rainfall remains at 4285 nm.

Places of Interest

Cox’s Bazar, mostly famous for its beautiful sea beach and the sunset, has several other attractions, including:

• Aggmeda Khyang [1], a large Buddhist monastery, and a place revered by around 400,000 Buddhist people of Cox’s Bazar; and the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

• Himchari, located about 12 km south of Cox’s Bazar, is a picnic spot and famous for its waterfalls and provid sufficient security for the tourists.Road to Himchari run by the open sea in one side and hills in othes make the journey to Himchari a path of Heaven.

• Inani, also 32 km south of Cox’s Bazar offers sea bathing.

• Laboni Beach is the main beach of Cox’s Bazar and is considered the main beach due to the fact that it is closest to the town.

• Maheskhali is a small island (268 square kilometres) off the Cox’s Bazar coast. The island offers panoramic scenic beauty and is covered by low hills and mangrove forests. Adinath, a temple of Shiva, and a Buddhist pagoda are also located on the island.

• Ramu, about 16 km from Cox’s Bazar, is a village with sizeable Buddhist population. The village is famous for its handicrafts and homemade cigars.

• Sonadia Island, a small island of only 9 square kilometers

• Teknaf, a place situated by the side of Naaf river is the southernmost part of Bangladesh. The place is home to several birds and wild animals.

Facts

Cox’s Bazar

• Currently, Cox’s Bazar is a district, with Cox’s Bazar town as the district headquarters. In 1854, Cox’s Bazar was made a subdivisional headquarters, and it was only after 130 years in 1984, it was upgraded to become be a district.

• Population includes Muslims, Hindus and Buddhists (mostly includes Maghs, a section of whom belong to a tribal community of Buddhists)

• There are eight Upzillas, namely,

1. Cox’s Bazar Sadar

2. Ramu

3. Ukhia

4. Teknaaf

5. Moheshkhali

6. Kutubdia

7. Chokoria and

8. Pekua.

From discoverybangladesh.com:

Miles of golden sands, towering cliffs, surfing waves, rare conch shells, colorful pagodas, Buddhist temples and tribes, delightful sea-food–this is Cox’s Bazar, the tourist capital of Bangladesh. Having the world’s longest (120 kilometers.) beach sloping gently down to the blue waters of the Bay of Bengal, Cox’s Bazar is one of the most attractive tourist sport in the country.

There are also a few very old wooden Buddhist temples at Ramu, a few kilometers from Cox’s Bazar, well worth visiting.

Located at a distance of 152 km. south of Chittagong, the leading seaport of Bangladesh, Cox’s Bazar is connected both by air and road from Dhaka and Chittagong.

A drive to Teknaf, which is the southernmost tip of the mainland of Bangladesh, is a memorable journey. A day trip to either Moheshkhali or Sonadia, the deltaic islands nestled among the gentle waves of the Bay of Bengal, will also be really interesting.

Other attractions for visitors are conch shell market, tribal handicraft, salt and prawn cultivation.

Besides, the longest sea-beach, Cox’s Bazar and its adjoin areas have a lot of things to see and places deserve visit by the tourists.

Himchari: It is about 32 km. South of Cox’s Bazar along the beach, a nice place for picnic and shooting. The famous “Broken Hills” and waterfalls here are rare sights.

Inani: It is about 32 km. South of Cox’s Bazar and just on the beach, with the sea to the west and a background of steep hills to the east. Inani casts a magic spell on those who step into that dreamland. It is only half an hour’s drive from Cox’s Bazar and an ideal place for Sea-bathing and picnic.

Maheskhali: An island off the coast of Cox’s Bazar. It has an area of 268 square kilometers. Through the centre of the island and along the eastern coast line rises a range of low hills, 300 feet high; but the coast to the west and north is a lowlying treat, fringed by mangrove jungle. In the hills on the coast is built the shrine of Adinath, dedicated to siva. By its side on the same hill is Buddhist Pagoda.

Ramu: This is a typical Buddhist village, about 16 km. from Cox’s Bazar, on the main road to Chittagong. There are monasteries, khyangs and pagodas containing images of Buddha in gold, bronze and other metals inilaid with precious stones.

One of the most interesting of these temples is on the bank of the Baghkhali river. It houses not only interesting relics and Burmes handicrafts but also a large bronze statue of Buddha measuring thirteen feet high and rests on a six feet high pedestal. The wood carving of this khyang is very delicate and refined.

The village has a charm of its own. Weavers ply there trade in open workshops and craftsmen make handmade cigars in their pagoda like houses.

Sonadia Island: It is about seven kilometer of Cox’s Bazar and about nine square kilometer in area. The western side of the island is sandy and different kinds of shells are found on the beach. Off the northern part of the island, there are beds of window pane oysters. During winter, fisherman set up temporary camps on the island and dry their catches of sea fish.

St. Martins Island: This small coral island about 10km (6mi) south-west of the southern tip of the mainland is a tropical cliché, with beaches fringed with coconut palms and bountiful marine life. There”s nothing more strenuous to do here than soak up the rays, but it”s a clean and peaceful place without even a mosquito to disrupt your serenity.

It”s possible to walk around the island in a day because it measures only 8 sq km (3 sq mi), shrinking to about 5 sq km (2 sq mi) during high tide. Most of island”s 5500 inhabitants live primarily from fishing, and between October and April fisher people from neighbouring areas bring their catch to the island”s temporary wholesale market. A ferry leaves Teknaf for St Martin every day and takes around 3 hours.

Getting to St. Martin”s is a three-step program. First you”ll need to fly or bus it down to Cox”s Bazar, and then catch a bus to Teknaf, which is right on the very tip of Bangladesh, sandwiched up against Myanmar. From Teknar, ferries run daily to St. Martin Island. The total distance from Dhaka to the island is 510km (316mi).

The Aggameda Khyang, Cox’s Bazar:

Equally elaborate in plan, elevation and decoration is the Aggameda Khyang near the entrance to the Cox’s Bazar town which nestles at the foot of a hill under heavy cover of a stand of large trees. The main sanctuary-cum-monastery is carried on a series of round timber columns, which apart from accommodating the prayer chamber and an assembly hall, also is the repository of a large of small bronze Buddha images-mostly of Burmese origin– and some old manuscripts.

Beyond the main khyang to the south there is an elevated wooden pavilion and a smaller brick temple with a timber and corrugated metal root. Apart from bearing an inscription in Burmese over its entrance the temple contains some large stucco and bronze Buddha images.

Teknaf: Southernmost tip of Bangladesh, Teknaf situated on the Naaf river and just at the end of the hilly regions of the district. Mayanmar is on the opposite bank of Naaf river. Wild animals and birds are available but the most interesting thing is a journey on the river. Wide sandy beach in the backdrop of high hills with green forests is an enchanting scene never to be forgotten.

The Cox’s Bazar Holiday Complex of Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation, the National Tourism Organization is an ideal tourist resort having a number of facilities for the visitors.

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3 comments so far

  1. Md.Mohiudden on

    khub valo laglo.

  2. shahariar on

    good,good,very good,positive in our contry

  3. emonanam on

    Saint Martin Island is the last boarder island of Bangladesh and it is standing as a true example of beauty of Bangladesh. I am eager to visit the place.


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